Diseases of the nervous system include dozens of independent pathologies and syndromes. These include chronic neurological diseases characterized by a slow and progressive course; diseases caused by vascular disorders in the central and peripheral parts of the nervous system; autonomic disorders, often of an asthenic nature; diseases of the peripheral nervous system, including neuritis of various nerves, radiculopathy and other pathologies of the spine, polyneuropathy, etc.
Symptoms of neurological diseases are headaches, pain in the back and other parts of the body, dizziness, impaired memory, speech, cognitive functions, movement disorders, insomnia, increased anxiety, asthenia and other symptoms.
Diseases of the nervous system are often characterized by a chronic course and a significant decrease in the quality of life, often it may lead to disability.
The causes and rates of progression of diseases of the nervous system are extremely diverse. Diagnosis and treatment of neurological diseases require a thorough examination in order to make the correct diagnosis, identify the causes of the disease and select individual treatment and rehabilitation regimens.
Mostly, examination and treatment of diseases of the nervous system is carried out by specialists of different profiles: neurologists, cardiologists, functional diagnostics doctors, physiotherapists, vascular surgeons.
The clinic of the FSBSI ‘IEM’ provides an opportunity for a comprehensive examination, treatment and rehabilitation of patients with a neurological profile. The treatment program is drawn up after a comprehensive examination which are based on the recommendations of specialists in several areas.
The following studies are carried out in the diagnosis of neurological diseases and associated pathologies:
- Electroencephalography. It is performed for patients with focal lesions of the central nervous system, fainting. Allows you to identify the epileptic activity of the brain and focal lesions in the ‘silent’ zones.
- Electroneuromyography. It is used in patients with neuromuscular pathology for differential diagnosis of the level of damage to the neuromuscular bundle.
- X-ray diagnostics. It is performed to diagnose neurological diseases caused by changes in the musculoskeletal system.
- Doppler ultrasound of brachiocephalic vessels, incl. transcranial doppler sonography. It allows you to identify vascular pathology (stenosis, thrombosis, tortuosity, congenital pathology, etc.).
- ECG, monitoring, echocardiography,
- Ultrasound of internal organs to clarify somatic pathology and unclear diagnostically patients.
- Laboratory tests of blood and other biological fluids.
With the help of the Department of Cardiology, patients with cerebral vascular diseases, the lipid composition of the blood is fully investigated and individual lipid-lowering therapy is selected.
In the presence of indications, patients will undergo angiography of the vessels of the head and neck, according to the results of which and after consultation with Professor R.A. Azovtsev, who is a head of the Department of X-ray Surgical Methods of Diagnosis and Treatment with the X-ray operating room, will give a conclusion on the need for angiosurgical treatment.
Medical rehabilitation is based on an integrated approach and includes the following approaches:
- drug therapy (drugs to improve blood circulation in the brain and spinal cord, nutrition of nerve cells and peripheral nerves);
- motor rehabilitation (physiotherapy exercises);
- physiotherapy, massage.
Appointment / consultation
- by calling the registration desk of the Clinic of the FSBSI ‘IEM’ (812) 235-02-92 on weekdays from 9.00 to 16.00;
- by phone of a single appointment with doctors of medical departments of the FSBSI ‘IEM’ (812) 454-69-00;
- with a personal appeal to the registry of the Clinic of the FSBSI ‘IEM’ on weekdays from 9.00 to 16.00 at the address: 13, Maly Prospekt of Petrograd Side, St. Petersburg.
You can also leave a request on the website and you will be contacted to clarify the necessary information, select a specialist and the time of appointment.